The number 108 does not mean that there are only 108 Ruesi - the word 108 is used to indicate “lots of”…in Thailand it is a common phrase used to mean an uncountable number.The number one hundred and eight is of course a sacred number in Buddhist tradition.
The Ruesi; The Ruesis, or Rasi/Lersi or even as they are also called “Rishi”,
Ruesi is a word used to call people who posess mind powers, who practise the development
of mind and it’s powers in various aspects. Even the Lord Buddha Himself recieved teachings from the Ruesi.
Sidhatta only left the schooling philosophy of the Ruesi, because it wasn’t going to lead him to Enlightenment,
rather only to a higher level of the heavenly realms, a favourable rebirth that leaves one reborn as an Angel or an Archangel
Buchiwagoemarapat was the healing Master Ruesi who served as doctor to the Buddha Sakyamuni.
The Ruesi are known to have attained various supernatural mind powers, such as;
The Ability to Float and See the Future
The Ability to heal with forest herbs, voice powers, talk with animals, read minds, and even teleportation.
Another translation for the word Ruesi, would be “Seer” -the author suggests also the word Wizard, as the Ruesi also made use of Magic Spells using a stick to cast with,just as does the Wizard who is to be found in Western Mythologies.
The word Ruesi is associated with the thought of a secretive, mysterious hermit-like person who lives a solitary existence and dwells in a cave, the forest or in the mountains. The real meaning of the word Ruesi, is “Seer”, meaning one with special abilities to see things that normal humans cannot percieve. Such as vision of the three times (Past, Present & Future events). Such an ability os called Trigalachan, meaning “he who knows the three timesspheres. the oldest Sanskrit Myths and texts do not record how far back the existence of the Ruesi goes, but the Buddhist texts have a record known referring to the Buppaeniwaasaanusathiyan - of the Ruesi and that of the Buddha, and how they differ. (Buppaeniwaasaanusathiyan means the ability to remember previous incarnations). Ruesi can allegedly only remember up to a limit of eighty past lives, whereas the Buddha could remember as far back as it is possible to imagine, an endless number of lives that cannot be counted.This text also heralds the Buddha as being the superior Being and much higher than any Ruesi. There is a comment in the taerakata of the Khuttaga Nigay saying “The Great Lord Buddha is the Ruesi who is most perfect and attained of all the Ruesi”. Therefore suggesting that the Buddha was also a Ruesi, albeit the most highest of all. The creation of the great “Ruekawaes” (Rigveda) 500 years ago, was accredited to the Ruesi.
Lord Shiva, in fact was also a Ruesi.
There are four main Categories for Ruesi, where each of the four types have differing qualities;
* 1.Racharuesi * 2.Prahmaruesi * 3.Taeworuesi/Tepruesi * 4.Maharuesi
the fIrst and lowest class, exist under the normal rules of Nature and don’tt posess any special powers that normal humans do not posess.
The only differ in the fact that they are beginning to attempt to practise the laws of the Ruesi and open one’s mind.
This class of Ruesi may attain a rebirth as a Prahma, which are Angelic Beings of the Higher Heavenly Realms.
This Ruesi class have practised industriously their vows and have attained enough merit to recieve supernatural abilities and Incredibly strong powers.
Apart form having attained the aforementioned special powers, this class of Ruesi have an incredible intelligence, and extremely powerful Magical spells
Magic is intensely present in such kind of Ruesi.
There is a further dividing of these four categories of Ruesi into eight other types. I shall explain the nature of each type in short for you.
They are listed as such;
* Pra Sitaa * Pra Yokii (Yogi) * Pra Munii * Pra Daabos (Dabasa) * Chadin (Chadila) * Nak Sit * Nak Prot (Paratha) * Prahm (Brahma)
A Ruesi who manages to incorporate all the qualities of these eight types of Ruesi, is then considered to be “Samrej” (completeley developed).Such a Ruesi will have revoked all self centeredness and has freed himself from all worldly attachments.This kind of Ruesi will see the nature of reality with his eyes closed, he will have complete “Sila” (ascetic vows), know what actions are meritorious and which are causes of negative results.He understands the laws of karma completely and acts wisely in accordance, and therefore develops no negative causes/effects in his future existences.This eightfold Ruesi will have passed the Sodaban level of consciousness, have divine minde, eyes and ears.This is the meaning of “Samrej”.In the life immediately following this incarnation, the Ruesi will be reborn in the “Prohm” (Brahmic) level of the heaven (in the west we refer to this as seventh heaven - the phrase is obviously originating from the Hindu Vedas and Buddhist texts, as this is the seventh level of heaven.In this level of Heaven, there is no suffering, and the beings there partake of pleasure and peaceful existence. But this is not the end of the journey for such a being - the Ruesi will then continue his/her spiritual and mental development to rise even further to higher levels and beyond the realms of our imagination.
The meaning of each of the 8 types of special Ruesi is as follows;
Pra Sita - means a Ruesi who has special qualities of goodness and ethical values. Such a Ruesi will abide in mountain ranges, and caves that may be found therein, this place between the sun and the earth (mountains) is where he finds it comfortable to live.
Pra Yokii means “he who is in completion”, or a practicant of “Sangyoke” (Yoga). This kind of Ruesi will wander in the forest or mountains leading a solitary existence refusing all comforts and putting himself/herself through various trials and sufferings in order to attain a higher consciousness.
Pra Munii means “one of the Brahmin group who is maintaining extreme effort to acheive spiritual/magickal accomplishments.Pra Munii Ruesis will acheive a high lecel of wisdom, knowledge and abilities through their diligent study and practise. This Ruesi is of the intellectual variety.
Pra Daabod (Dabasa) means “he who practises self control and actions to accomplish great merit”.This type of Ruesi maintains an effort to cut the cords of selfishness and attachment (Gilesa) through self infliction of renunciation of pleasures and undergoing physical and mental hardships (self torture) in order to enter the world of bliss that is the result of meritorious action through self denial and renunciation of worldly pleasures.
Chadin (Chadila) a Ruesi who likes to wind his hair up in a mound on top of his head (like the “babas” you can observe in India to this day). Their beards and moustaches are unruly, uncombed and rather uncared for.These Ruesi do not like a cleanly orderly life - they wander around in the forests and outbacks.They are considered to be Brahmins.
Nak Sit means a half Angelic (Divine) half Human being, that has “Sila” (spiritual vows/vocational behaviour).These beings love truthful speech that leads to true understanding and knowledge.They have a deeply ingrained feeling for justice and righteousness, and like to lend help to people who have fallen into great hardship and suffering.They reside in open, pure and empty places, ranging from the sun and space right down to the human realms on this planet.There are many hundreds of thousands of these beings roaming around the heavens looking for entry points to come down to earth and help the Humans in distress (Bodhissattwa like beings indeed).
Nak Prot means a Ruesi who keeps his vows of renunciation and “Sila” with great perseverance, never allowing himself to slip in his promise to keep the vows of purity.These beings like to reside in mountai caves, forests and places where magick herbs grow, they never let people see them and remain hidden from the eyes of Humans.
Prahm (Brahma) means “Brahmin” a Brahmin has a lot of similarity with Ruesi in any case.Disinterested in the world outside oneself, and belief in the necessity to go out and lend aid to Beings in distress and in need of help is central to their practises.Brahmins tend to reside and meet in groups in the vicinity of Divine and sacred places.When someone asks for a Brahmin to come and help to initiate a ceremony,whether it be a Ceremony for the Ruesi, or Angelic beings or other Divinities, the Brahmin will come and set up the Ceremony at no cost or need of repayment in any manner (this is in the present day unfortunately not true anymore, the tradition has been destroyed by the modern society which has made it impossible to exist without the transfer of money).In brief,Brahmins love to help other beings in any way and when not in the service of living Beings, they return to their pracitse of renunciation of pleasures and keeping opf vows of renunciation and purity (Sila).
There are four Vedas, the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda. The Vedas are the primary texts of Hinduism. They also had a vast influence on Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. Traditionally the text of the Vedas was coeval with the universe. Scholars have determined that the Rig Veda, the oldest of the four Vedas, was composed about 1500 B.C., and codified about 600 B.C. It is unknown when it was finally committed to writing, but this probably was at some point after 300 B.C. The Vedas contain hymns, incantations, and rituals from ancient India. Along with the Book of the Dead, the Enuma Elish, the I Ching, and the Avesta, they are among the most ancient religious texts still in existence. Besides their spiritual value, they also give a unique view of everyday life in India four thousand years ago. The Vedas are also the most ancient extensive texts in an Indo-European language, and as such are invaluable in the study of comparative linguistics.
3500 to 5000 years ago, the Ruesi composed texts, prayers, incantations and spells to invoke the Angelic beings. This was due to the fact that the Ruesi had practised training their minds and raised their consciousness to the Samabhabhati lever of Jhana.They could see things on hbigher planes that the normal human cannot, including being able to hear sounds from other dimensions that any normal person will never get to hear. This made listening to the Angelic Beings accessible. when a Ruesi enters meditation and samhadi, he will naturally experience visions and sounds that are created for him as a communication means by the Angelic Being that wishes to communicate with him. The words in the texts of the Rigveda, however, are not the words invented by the Ruesi; they are the words given to the Ruesi by the Gods or Angelic Beings, as the Ruesi were in the meditative state.
Maybe the most important and sacred of all the scriptures and incantations written down as they were heard by the Ruesi whilst listening to the higher dimensional realms, is the “Srut”; meaning “That which was heard from the Deities”. This great work differs from the legends written by the Ruesi after the vedas. The difference being, that the later books (known as Samarueti, meaning “that which was written from memory”), were not written as words that have been direcly heard from the mouth of the deities, rather, the words are taken from what the first generation of Ruesi had already documented. The later texts therefore, are not directly transmitted.
Pra Narot - พระนารท
Pra Gasop - common folk tend to think that pra Gasop Ruesis are ghostly/phantom-like beings, which is a wrong view of this classification of Ruesi. Pra Gasop eventually became incarnated in the Human world, and is considered to have been the first ever Ruesi to have appeared in the realm of Human Beings. Thai local villagers call them “Phee” (ghosts). If they were really ghosts, then they would have a lower status that Asuras (monsters/jealous gods).This type of Ruesi were first created by the Divinity Brahma in the same phase as he created the Asura beings.In the era of Pra Bprachaabadii (creator of the 10 Ruesi mentioned above).
ฺำbelow is a differing version of the 10 Ruesi.
ฤษี 10 พระองค์
๕. ฤษีวยาสะ (ผู้รจนา “มหากาพย์มหาภารตะ”)
๗. ฤษีกปิละ (กบิลดาบส)
There are many Legends about many different Ruesi. One of the Ruesi to be found so often mentioned in Thai Mythology, is Por Gae Ruesi Thai Fai.
The legend of Higher beings has been told in different Mythologies and Cultures around the world.
In Thailand there are also various legends of “Pu Wisaed”
or Ruesi , Arhants or Yogis.
These Ruesi are said to have posessed various powers, such as;
knowledge of Herbal medicines, minerals, magical invocations, and supernatural abilities such as floating, teleportation and mindreading powers.
These beings with special powers are reputed to have lived recluse lives in the forest, on mountains, or in caves; practising meditative skills and mental development using secret methods passed on from mouth to ear by their foregoers/masters.
Most tradtional Ruesi respect the Pantheon of Higher Beings according to the Brahmin tradition.
Namely; Lord Brahma Shiva and Vishnu. Most Ruesi practice the development of power and evocation/invocation
( gasin/peng กสิณ หรือ เพ่ง)
the word peng means in principle to “stare”, but in this case it really means to insert or transform matter or substance whether it be physical element or spiritual element.
Bpataweegasin (ปฐวีกสิณ), for example means to project earth element into a target/object. Bpatawee (ปฐวี) means Earth.
Aabpoegasin (อาโปกสิณ) means to stare/project water (aabpe means water element) - one technique used for example to master the evocation of water element would be to obtain clear water, such as rain water for example, and fill a clean container with it.(not to the brim)
After this meditate and stare ate the water until the inner experience of absorbtion with water occurs
once mastered the use of this mind evocation in conjunction with the kata “Aabpoegasinang” (อาโปกสิณัง) will enable the master to evoke water element into another element , such as earth. This is in fact the technique used for Kong Grapan/maha ud, which is the effect of making a bullet harmless or a gun refuse to go off when the trigger is pulled.The solid (earth element0 object is turned into a soft watery element, and thus becomes harmless
It is possible to evoke not only elements such as earth water fire and air, but also colors.
Through Yogic mind development and the use of gasin and amnaj (power - อำนาจ), the Ruesi have developed abilities such as being able to walk on the surface of the water (by evoking earth element into the water and transforming it to make it a hard surface over the spot where the ruesi is currently standing).
in the same way, one could also dive under the earth too, or float in the air, transport oneself instantly from one place to the other for example. This is probably what the ancient Alchemists (such as saint Germain) of the mediaeval Era were attempting to do. Other abilities acheived include divine ears and eyes (ability to see and hear things in other spheres/dimensions), read minds, and tell the future.
Por Gae a Buddhist?
Because of the evidence pointing to the Ruesi Por Gae Tha Fai having played an important role in the creation of the “Pra Sum Gor Amulet, it is evident that Por Gae respected the Buddhist faith.
he can be supposed to have been an extremely important figure in the land because the Pra Sum Gor statue and amulets were made in what is believed to have been a rather large cermony, probably a royal Ceremony because the filigrain detail of the statue and amulets indicate a major event.
Por Gae is also known as Ruesi Isworn (ishwara), because it is considered that Ruesi tha Fai is an incarnation of the Divinity Shiva/Isworn - the third eye is a symbol thereof.
One of the most well heard of Ruesi in Thailand’s pantheon of Ruesi figures is that of
Por Gae Ruesi Tha Fai (พ่อแก่ฤษีตาไฟ)
Por Gae Ruesi Thai Fai appears in numerous legends and Myths as well as historical documents.
For example in the history of the arisal of the Province of Petchaburn, there is a famous story that tells that the King/Rulerof petchaburn in that time had learned Sorcery with Ruesi Tha Fai.
But after he recieved the teachings and knowledge, he planned to kill his own master Por Gae Ruesi Thai fai!
As a result Por Gae Ruesi cast a curse on the Province of Petchaburn, and a great plague resulted in leaving the whole province almost void of living inhabitants.
พระท่ากระดาน Pra ta gradan
Another occurence of Por Gae Ruesi Tha fai in Thai legends is that of the creation of the Pra Ta Gradan amulet;
This amulet is from Wat ta Gradan (on of the three main temples in kanjanaburi province on the banks of the river Kwae (or Kwai as farang tend to call it - to the great amusement of Thais).
Pra ta Gradan amulets are inclined to have red eyes (suggesting fire eyes as is the meaning of “Thai fai” (Tha fai means fire eye/s).The facial traits of many examples of Pra ta gradan are also very similar to the facial aspects of Ruesi.
Apart from this, Por Gae Tha fai is also reputed to have had a part in the creation of the Pra Sum Gor Amulet; The legend tells that fwhen this amulet was in the making, there were four different Ruesi presiding over it’s creation. Namely;Pra Ruesi Pilaalay (พระฤษีพิลาไลย) Pra Ruesi Tha Fai (พระฤษีตาไฟ), Pra Ruesi Narod (พระฤษีนารอท), and Pra RuesiGaiyagost (พระฤษีไกยโกษฐ์).
This Amulet is counted as one of thge five “Pra Benjapakee” amulets wich are reputed to have an age of not less than one thousand years.
because of the documented evidence appearing in various historical recordings related to the creation of these amulets, and the fact that all of the aforementioned amulets date back to more that one thousand years ago, it can be assumed that Por gae Ruesi tha fai really existed, and that he lived at least one thousand years ago, if not more than that. Because of the ability of Ruesi to live for hundreds of years, it cannot be known how far back his appearances go… M y master Ajarn Thoy, who is a medium for the presence of Por Gae ruesi tha fai, says that Por Gae was around two thousand years ago - meaning that this Ruesi may have been able to extend his lifespan for up to one thousand years, if the accounts relating to the creation of the aforementioned amulets are true. This extreme extension of lifespan is also accredited to the great alchemist St. germain, who in principle learned the very sam methods of elemental transformation and evocation as the Ruesi. In principle the Ruesi were also alchemists, because of their ability to transform one element into another.